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The Chittor Fort or Chittorgarh is one of the largest forts in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is located in the present-day town of Chittorgarh. It sprawls over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha (691.9 acres) above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort precinct has several historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemorative towers.
Beginning in the 7th century, the fort was controlled by the Mewar Kingdom. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the fort was ruled by Paramara dynasty. In 1303, the Turkic ruler of Delhi, Alauddin Khalji defeated Rana Ratan Singh’s forces at the fort. In 1535 Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat, defeated Bikramjeet Singh and took the fort. In 1567 Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II’s troops. Each time the fort’s defenders sallied forth to charge the attacking enemy. They lost every time. Following these defeats, the women are said to have committed jauhar or mass self-immolation. The rulers, soldiers, noblewomen and commoners considered death preferable to the dishonor of surrender.
In 2013, at the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Chittorgarh Fort, along with five other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as a group called the Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
This is an ancient fort of historical importance. The fort is not well-maintained and many of the rooms are in shambles. Apparently, some scenes of the film “Padmavati” were shot here, but filming was from a drone with people added later because of local opposition.
This fort is so vast that it is a town in itself. To visit entire fort area, one needs a vehicle. There are many entry gates which one has to cross to enter the fort. It is located on the high hills and one can see the entire town from it. This fort is also known for the story of most beautiful queen Padmini, who set fire to save herself from Mughal King Khilji. The Padmavati Palace is on the banks of a pond and a most visited place.
We only had time to drive up and walk around the main temple area for about 45 minutes. Rs200 for entry, but for the entire massive space. It is a true township up top. What was pleasant to see was the multitude of Indian nationals of all ages exploring the fort. Deep history here, though not laid out (or refurbished as such) like the other forts. To see it all would take multiple days. Lots of monkeys but they were peaceful.
One should visit this place at least once in a lifetime. It is the biggest forts in Asia and we should feel proud to know the history. Easy to access and very well maintained.
It is still stands like a rock and wherever you roam within the fort, feels super, bigger one and feels only King is missing. Super duper.